Population Growth and the Environment

Population and the environment

World population growth is accelerating. True, the rate has halved since the historical peak of 2.2% in the 1960s, but estimates show that by 2050, population numbers will be close to 9 billion – almost 3 billion more than current rates. Increased growth has led to the concept of the mega city; huge and densely populated urban areas, high in CO2 emissions levels because of the vast concentration of people. There are now more than 25 mega cities in the world, each harbouring in excess of 10m people. Compare this to the early 1800s, in which just 3% of the world’s population inhabited cities, and it is easy to see why population growth has become an important area of study; it is rapid and consuming, and concepts like the mega city show just how the way in which we live enters new paradigms according to population levels – now the number of people who live cities is closer to 50%.

Human population

Technically speaking, population growth does not have to affect these problems at all; there is no inherent link between pollution and increased population, nor is there a link between CO2 emissions and population growth. Certainly, there is the simple fact that more people means more CO2 being released into the atmosphere through the conversion of oxygen, but this carbon can be encompassed within the existing carbon cycle, meaning that – according to definition – it is not contributing per say to global warming. With that in mind, it is perfectly possibly to argue that, though the link exists, there is no need for population growth to affect CO2 emissions, climate change, or global warming.

What makes growing population a problem for climate change is human habit, and we’re not just talking about biting nails or the use of online casino websites here. In the age of industry, in the paradigm of consumption and mass production, carbon emission has become a necessity; the burning of fossil fuels as a cheap and efficient energy source has dominated human production since the industrial revolution, and has reigned for 200 years. Under such a system, population growth is dangerous for world climate change and CO2 emissions levels, because the system dictates that production must rise with population, so that carbon levels, too, must necessarily rise. Indeed this is evident in the breakdown of rising CO2 emissions rates, in which up to 25% can be attributed to transport modes. That percentage will rise under the current system as populations rise.

Population growth, then, is not detrimental to the environment by default, but has a serious effect because of the system of mass production and carbon based energy. To curb that problem, we need a new paradigm and a new system, in which either mass production is halted, or carbon based energy is made obsolete. With the first of those options looking at this time an effectual impossibility, we must enter a new paradigm under the protocol of the second option; the switch from carbon based energy, to renewable energy. That way, the rapid growth of populations across the world need not add to the ever more serious problems of global warming, CO2 emissions, and climate change.

In every one of the open deliberations on the impacts and ramifications of a worldwide temperature alteration, environmental change and CO2 emissions, one thing can certainly be concurred; things are changing. There could conceivably be motivation to dishonour the thought that environmental change is a man-made marvel, and there might possibly with measures being taken to help the environment such as electric cars and the use of ozone generators as air purifiers. However this author would definitely contend that such claims are false – be motivated to question the unfavourable impact of such ideas. Be that as it may, there can be no debate on the way that CO2 discharge levels are rising; the Energy Information Administration demonstrates that CO2 emissions from the burning of fossil energies has risen consistently for a long time.


With that ascent, essentially, comes a worldwide temperature alteration, and the shift in the world’s environment and biological communities that we by and large term environmental change. A few cynics contend that the ascent is either characteristic – a consequence of the immense climatic pendulum – and others contend that it is inescapable; it is truly asserted, for instance, that the unfaltering ascent in world populace levels are the boss donor to development in CO2 emissions around the world. The contention goes that – shy of authority conception prevention approaches – it would be verging on difficult to check the ascent in populace, and CO2 emissions are the inevitable result.

That view should be tested. Certainly, there is some truth in the case; populace rises mean more individuals, and that makes a more noteworthy demand for fossil energizes, the wellspring of most things that can sustain, clothe, and house us. In any case, that summation infers a fundamental reliance on fossil fills. It is consistent with say that the present day world depends on fossil powers, so that the connection is a solid one, however it is not a bound relationship; much should be possible, regardless of the fact that an aggregate independence from fossil powers is a current common sense inconceivable possibility, to enormously diminish the world reliance on fossil fills.

The Politics of Contemporary Casino Law

The origin of the term casino is often argued by many, but history has it that the word casino got it’s roots from the word Casa which means a little house in Italian. Therefore it is theorised that the term originated in Italy and originally means a house or a social club. As time went by, the term casino began to spread until it gained a wider popularity in the 19th century. In contemporary society casinos are found in public buildings and social gatherings, very close to relaxation and pleasurable spots.

This localization of a casino is dependent on how social the community is because the original casinos were built in a larger Italian villa. Casinos were originally designed to host some functions such as gambling, and sports. These have metamorphosed into the casinos of today where ultimately their work is to enable people to gamble. Some casinos are known to host live events like live sport contests amongst other entertainment. The gaming industry handles casino legislation although there is argument amongst experts who weigh the advantages and disadvantages of casinos. In some countries, Casinos have been legalized and in turn witness huge turnouts due to increased unemployment.

Contemporary Casinos

Casinos have come a long way since their dawn, and the modern casino includes all the latest technology used to encourage people to spend more of their hard earned cash. The variety of games has also expanded, check out some of the notable games that can be found in a contemporary casino:


This is a card game always based on a 5 card hand. Although there are many versions of this game, generally poker is played by ranking the hand from the lowest to the highest like high card, pair, two pair, three of a kind, straight etc., the player with the best hand wins.


Craps is a dice game that is based on seven. This is a very popular game that often draws crowds to spectate while the players bet around the table. The main focus of this game is the pass line. 7 and 11 win on this pass line while 2, 3 and 12 lose. Other numbers rolled become an extra point.


Blackjack is another casino card game, played between the player and house. After the dealer deals out two cards to each player and their self, the dealer face a card up and another down. The players then try to get as close to 21 without exceeding the 21 limit.


Slots are game machines that feature a variety of different types of games and are very popular in casinos throughout the world. They are played by inserting coins into the machine and either pulling a handle or pressing a button which make the wheels of the machine spin.


Casinos have had to increase spending in order to reduce government’s regulation which has undoubtedly  been harmful to the growth of the industry nationally. Casinos have however resorted to other means such as the internet and other forms of online gambling in order to increase revenue streams. This has generated huge revenue as gambling is put into the living rooms of those who enjoy a bit of gambling, it is literally at their fingertips. To help sway government legislation casino businesses will make contributions to matters of national interest, for example in the US in the 2014 election, the industry generated a total sum of nearly $23.4 million, with 51% of it going to the Democrat party (though that was down slightly from the record $71.6 million given in 2012 – a presidential election year).

There are advantages and disadvantages of the casino industry, modern day casinos are being built to tackle crime by equipping themselves with all the latest and necessary anti-crime facilities and technology. Owing to the huge amount of revenue they generate, employees at times are moved to steal from the hand that feeds them. This is being reduced however to the barest minimum by the installation of security cameras which are fitted and constantly monitored throughout the casino.

Modern casinos have a dramatically increased security system which is usually divided into a specialist surveillance security team and a physical security force. The physical security as the names implies responds to distress calls and report on any suspicious activities or actual crimes that they witness. On the other hand, the surveillance team operates as the casinos eye in the sky monitoring the activity from viewpoints that the physical security force wouldn’t be able to. Above all, the surveillance team will work hand in hand with the physical security force to combine their resources to ensure that no crime goes unpunished. Some casinos also have catwalks in their roofs above the casino floor, which allow security to spy on the activities at the tables and slot machines.

However, security cameras are not the only technological measures, rules of behaviour are enforced in order to avoid cheating as players at card games are required to keep the cards they are holding in their hands visible for transparency for anyone outside of the game itself. Modern casinos have been designed to accommodate families and not just the usual gamblers you associate with these establishments. Some casinos offer theme parks, luxurious hotels, sporting venues, department stores for everyone to enjoy. These amenities increase visitors as well as income.

The casino industry also makes a big contribution to solving the unemployment problem to a great extent. The community where a casino is established often witness full employment and there are often additional important benefits for nearby communities such as contributions to local government. There are a huge range of roles that are filled from security guards to chefs to waitresses and many others. among others.

Unfortunately casinos also have a dark side and cause a lot of controversy in a number of circles. Where casinos are built crime will often follow and an increased crime rate has been a proven correlation with casinos. In 2004, the US department of justice, researchers interviewed people arrested in Las Vegas and Des Mones and found that the rate of pathological gamblers among those arrested was three to five times higher than in the general population. A report from police authorities have indicated that there is an increase in crime rate often double or more within a few years of opening a casino. Despite all the gambling laws, new technology and increased security discussed above, cheating still prevails. Casinos are also associated with not paying their tax, they often tolerate or ignore the use of drugs, alcohols and prostitution and most of these are improperly managed. That’s not to mention the huge problems associated with people becoming addicted to gambling!

Finally, while some countries allow casinos some have created rules and control legislation in the form of control acts. An example of a country that enforces this is Singapore where gambling was completely illegal until the casino control act of 2006 was brought into force. This was created to regulate the operations and gaming in casinos in preparation for the opening of integrated resorts.

There are laws governing the establishment of this industry in all countries and this law should be continually enforced and adhered to so a place of social activity and entertainment does not turn into a play ground for criminals.

Social Attitudes Towards Breast Augmentation

Breast augmentation and society

Women seem to be in a constant warfare with the attitudes that others have towards them, and the reality is that it really isn’t their fault. The eye of the public is stronger than ever. It would take a conscious effort to go throughout a day without seeing a plethora of examples showcasing what is thought to be the ideal woman: long legs, thin waist, nice butt, full chest, beautiful natural face. This, over time, takes a toll on a women’s mind as it is only natural to compare one’s self to what other’s praise as flawless. Society is bipolar when it comes to the attitude it holds on this subject matter. Some are ruthless and seemingly never satisfied, and others are often understanding and empathetic. Females grow up at the mercy of a whirlwind of pressures: girls developing at different rates, girls developing more overall, girls having perfect skin. Everything is constantly able to be compared. It is an overwhelming truth for some. The tone is set at a young age for women; when a woman doesn’t develop large breasts they are seen as if they are less of a woman, and that stigma digs deep into the psyche the female mind.

Women who do not have full confidence in their breast size have the opportunity, if monetarily possible, to go through breast augmentation. This process will fill and bring more symmetry to the breasts. These women are going through this unpleasant process in order to fulfil what society has led them to believe is acceptable. The pain and money is worth far less to these women than the badgering thoughts they would otherwise have to endure. It is for a lack of a better explanation – a matter of mental health. The lifting of an overwhelming insecurity is an amazing thing, and that is what a breast augmentation is able to provide. Though the surgery does fix a lot of prior issues that the client might have been having, it doesn’t solve everything. This is where you really get to see how relentless society tends to be. People often do not initially give others the benefit of the doubt, and this case is no different. The irony of this is that these women have escaped prior insecurities and judgements, but society is still waiting on the flipside with different yet equally as absurd judgement. Their attitudes are often changed but not fixed. Not all people see this and other forms of cosmetic procedures such as rhinoplasty surgery in the light in which it is intended, but instead, they see it as selfish, vain, and superficial. It seems unfair to call it a trade-off, but that is exactly what it is. Women with these insecurities are essentially told to pick a different poison despite their intentions. Do you want to be seen as less of a woman? Do you want to be seen as a hyper-sexual being? These are essentially the two routes that these women are forced to tussle between.

The attitude of society is usually not one of long, well thought-out philosophical nature but one of quick, rash nature. I don’t think it would be fair to generalise the public’s opinion on the matter of breast augmentation as it really is contingent upon the amount of exposure each individual has had regarding it. It is a matter of gaining perspective and an accurate vantage point. Those who are aware and have been notified in some way as to the benefits to the individual receiving the procedure will undoubtedly be more understanding and sympathetic. The attitudes people have towards the procedure are generally inaccurate and misguided due to the fact that it is not something that everyone can relate to. Over time, as it becomes more and more popular I’m sure the attitudes will change in proportion to the rise in understanding (i.e. understanding brings empathy).

Those who have had the opportunity to see the reasoning behind the procedure have the most accurate vantage point and the most uplifting attitude towards breast augmentation. Those who truly understand do not think of it in the light of vanity but rather a light of self-fulfillment. Society’s attitude is changing along with the amount of exposure that each an every person is able to get regarding breast augmentation and its benefits. As of now, as there is still residing ignorance, and that leaves a lot to be desired in terms of the positivity associated with it, but that seems to be on the incline. Ultimately, the attitude of society towards breast augmentation varies, but so do empathy and understanding, and I believe that those are not coincidentally correlative.

Drone Law and Regulations for the Recreational User

Drone legislation

One of the most contentious topics of conversation for hobbyists in 2016 is that of drone law and regulation that, at first glance, can be seen to be governments’ attempts to curtail how people enjoy their free time.

The most common assumption around drones is that they are “just a toy” therefore it doesn’t make sense for the government to get involved and start drafting whole sets of drone law and regulation.

This argument could be valid since, while there are high-end drones for sale that are extremely costly, there are also drones clearly aimed at children that cost about $50. If it’s aimed at children then it must be a toy right?

A drone can be a toy. It can also be a fantastic tool for your business, or an exciting pastime to enjoy with friends. However, we all need to be aware that a drone is also a relatively large machine that travels at fast speeds and has spinning blades attached to it. The fact that there is a High-Definition camera attached to the front just makes the issue more complicated.

In truth, the intention behind the development of drone law and regulations is simply to keep this exciting new hobby safe and to ensure that nobody is going to get injured, or have their property and/or rights damaged.

To really get an understanding around the current requirement for drone law and regulations it is necessary to start at the basics:

Note: The purpose of this article is to give an overview of recreational drones, so we will ignore the fact that a Military Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is also referred to as a drone. We will also put aside the discussion around Amazon’s potential use of drones for deliveries.

What is a drone and why do I need to register it?

According to the Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) a drone is classified as a model aircraft that is flown for recreational or hobby purposes. The model aircraft also needs to be capable of sustained flight and is flown within constant sight of the hobbyist who is controlling it.

The latest set of drone law and regulations require a drone, if it weighs more than 0.55 pounds and less than 55 pounds, to be registered with the FAA and for the FAA to give authorisation for certain types of drone use.

Recreational purposes

The key points here is that as long as the drone is used exclusively for recreational or hobby purposes, then it is classified as a model aircraft.

The FAA was very clear on this – Intent matters. If you want to use your drone to capture news or news related information then you need FAA authorization. The legalities of this are similar to those experienced with the casino online business and obtaining licences. If you happen to be flying your drone and accidentally gather some news-worthy information… Then authorisation is not required.

Where can I fly it?

The guidelines on where you can fly your drone are pretty obvious and straightforward. You need to keep the drone under 400 feet and should not fly over obstacles like buildings, trees, and powerlines. This limitation is closely linked to the fact that you need to be able to see the drone at all times. How can you maintain line-of-sight when you just flew the drone over the neighbours’ house?

Another important guideline is that you must stay at least 25 feet away from other people and any vulnerable property. This means you could not fly over your neighbours’ house – even if you could see exactly where the drone is!

Stay away from airports and other no-fly zones

It is best to avoid flying your drone within 5 miles of an airport, and if you do have to operate it within this radius, you will need to advise the airport and control tower. One of the biggest concerns amongst lawmakers is that drones could damage other Manned Aircraft, or be used to take pictures of sensitive areas. As a hobbyist it is best to use some common sense and not test your drone out near the local military airfield.

Respect other people’s privacy

The fact that your drone can fly around and snap pictures or videos means you need to be responsible with regard to the rights of your fellow citizens to privacy and private property. There can be no circumstances where it is acceptable to get some shots of your neighbours bedroom, or your competitors office.

Commercial use

If you want to use your drone in any way that can impact your business or generate income, you need to apply for FAA authorisation. Some simple examples of potential use would be: Professional real estate pictures, wedding photography or cinema photography.

As a hobbyist or recreational user, you should quite easily understand the intentions behind the current drone laws and regulations. These guidelines are in place to make it safer, not only for the recreational drone flyer, but also for the people around him. It’s a simple matter to register your drone (if necessary) so go online, register and enjoy flying.

Social Attitudes Towards Male Penis Size

Social Attitudes to Male Penis Size

Self-Empowerment is the ability for an individual to increase their social, economic, or spiritual strength. In other words, how to increase your ability to have better inter-relations with the people around you (a type of self-confidence), how to increase your financial well-being, and how to increase your balance within nature. How is this possible through penis enlargement?

It is certainly no mystery that experiences in life, certain physical attributes, and even modeling by our teachers, parents, friends, and the media can have an impact on our lives. Many of our inner demons and confidence-lacking traits started off as seeds that were planted in our minds when we were young. As they began to take root in our consciousnesses, they began to grow like weeds and overtake the very same soil that our fertile and positive plants in the garden of our minds were meant to grow. Many of these weeds we are not even aware of — Not their existence or their continual growth; but that they dominate and control many aspects of our lives — whether we realize it or not.

Men are constantly asking themselves how to get a big penis for a number of reasons. Consciously, of course, is the urge to create a bigger size to be more impressive, on a physical-appearance level, to partners. Then there is the notion that a bigger penis is a stronger penis and more masculine penis — The machismo factor. There is also a revenge aspect for many men. For instance, if they were humiliated because of their size; they strive to become bigger as an underlying driving force which helps them overcome such negative experiences. Whatever the reason, there are both conscious and unconscious reasons why a man wants to enlarge himself. Certainly there are psychological as well as physical aspects involved.For most men, enlarging their penis comes with an extra-added bonus. And that is a dynamic change in self-empowerment. Apparently, being able to enlarge yourself, and doing it by yourself, tends to take self-empowerment to some of its highest levels.It is one of the obscure keys that opens a man’s actual capacities and inert possibilities.

Whether a man knows about it or not, these beforehand said oblivious demeanors toward his penis size can keep him down in almost all parts of life. Much the same as any of the negative seeds that have been planted in the greater part of our psyches. With penis extension, it’s as though we take out a tractor and cut down these weeds, whether we can see them or not. The force of penis amplification is far more noteworthy than numerous men can envision. The expanded self-esteem and fearlessness that accompanies broadening oneself, tends to overflow into different parts of a man’s life. Also, the power is overpowering to the point that it gives a man such expanded individual riches (not talking monetarily) that it, actually, destroys other, a few even obscure, negative thought designs that have existed since he was exceptionally youthful. Thought designs that have kept him down in the domain of self-strengthening – account, mysticism, and living to its fullest.

That really is the best endowment of penis augmentation: The measure of your self-strengthening will increment far bigger than the extent of your penis. Also, by then, you at long last understand that you didn’t need a greater penis to excel in life… Be that as it may, accidentally, you realized this lesson through the extension process. It’s really a win-win circumstance from both the physical and mental aspects. Men with shorter or longer penile measurements (length and girth) will probably have negative states of mind towards condom fit and feel, as indicated by a report distributed in the online release of Sexually Transmitted Infections. In any case, the specialists found that most men don’t have issues with condom fit and feel.Previous considers have indicated relationship between penile measurements and condom results. A few studies have exhibited enhanced execution when condoms fitted the penile length and periphery well. Some of these discoveries have prompted calls for producers to extend condom sizes and shapes.

The specialists take note of that conceivable constraints of the study were that it utilized a comfort test and depended on self-reporting, making it hard to approve the exactness of reactions. Besides, concentrate on members were dynamic clients of condoms and this infers the study may have passed up a major opportunity for those more impervious to condom use. Moreover, an absence of set up norms of penile estimations implies that the outcomes could be distinctive if different classes of penile measurements had been used.The examiners reason that their discoveries might likewise help sexual wellbeing specialists who are starting discourses with men impervious to condom use about their recognitions in regards to condom fit and feel. The creators call attention to that condoms are currently accessible that are custom-made to bigger or to littler penises.

Condomi and Pasante produce bigger, more extensive condoms that can be purchased online in Europe, and Pasante likewise fabricates a somewhat shorter and more tightly than normal condom. In the United States Durex and Trojan advertise expansive condoms that are broadly accessible both online and through drug stores (these items are likewise accessible online in Europe). Durex and Mates produce littler condoms that are generally accessible through online retailers.